MK4 EJECTION
SEATS
First Mk4 ejection was on 27th February 1957 Currently flying in Mirage, MB-326, HJT-16 Kiran and Alpha Jet

With the advent of a new type of aircraft known as the "light fighter" it became increasingly important to reduce the weight of the ejection seat. At the same time it was essential that the reduction in weight should not impair the operation and efficiency of the seat in any way. The construction of the Mk4 seat, although retaining the essential components of its predecessors, was therefore considerably modified. The basic 80 feet per second ejection gun was retained, having been proved to be sufficient for all current requirements, as was the Duplex Drogue system deployed by the half second time-delay drogue gun, together with a 1½ second time-release unit.

The conventional type of guide rail was eliminated and superseded by channel members mounted on the sides of the ejection gun. Steel slipper pads mounted on the seat beams located the seat in position in the channels and guided it out of the aircraft on ejection. The seat structure consisted of a framework of two side beams bridged by three cross members, this framework supporting the seat pan and the drogue container; the drogue gun and the time-release unit being mounted on the side beams. The top cross beam took the full thrust of the ejection gun and contained the seat latch mechanism for locking the seat to the ejection gun. The centre cross member served as the attachment point for the shoulder harness whilst the lower member provided an anchorage for the seat height adjusting mechanism.

Although fitted primarily with the face screen firing control, an alternative firing handle was fitted in the leading face of the seat pan. This enabled the occupant to eject when conditions of g precluded the use of the face screen control. The comfort of the seat was considerably improved by the design of the parachute pack and dinghy pack alongside that of the seat, instead of trying to use the existing safety equipment. The parachute pack was a back-type, horseshoe in shape, and mounted high up on the back of the seat in the best position for automatic deployment, together with a high degree of comfort. The parachute harness was redesigned to combine with it the safety harness all in one, with only one quick-release fitting which was fastened by the occupant when strapping in the seat, and remained fastened throughout any subsequent ejection until released by the occupant at the conclusion of the parachute descent.

This combined harness was attached to the seat by two locks in the rear of the seat pan and another lock in the back of the seat at shoulder height, the locks being released by a redesigned time-release unit at the correct instant after ejection, through a linkage system installed in the seat. The locks could also be operated manually in the event of failure of the time-release unit by a manual separation lever on the seat. This arrangement of the parachute and harness was also fitted to some of the later Mk3 seats.

Operating Ceiling 50000+ ft (15,250m)
Minimum height/Speed Zero/90 KIAS
Crew boarding mass range 70.4 to 101.7kg
Crew size range 5th to 95th percentile
Maximum Speed for ejection 600+ KIAS
Parachute type Irvin I 24
Parachute deployment Drogue assisted
Drogue parachute type Duplex drogues 22in. and 5ft
Drogue deployment Drogue gun. Cartridge generated gas. Initiated by 0.5 sec clockwork time-delay, tripped during ejection sequence
Harness type Combined
Ejection seat operation type Ejection gun
Ejection gun 80 ft/sec One primary cartridge, two secondary cartridges, 72 in. stroke
Ejection initiation Face screen or seat pan firing
Barostatic time-release unit Yes, tripped during ejection sequence, g-restrictor
Manual override handle Yes
Guillotine Yes
Timers Time-release unit for man/seat separation
Seat adjustment Up/down, manual operation
Arm restraints No
Leg restraints Yes, two garters
Oxygen supply Bottled oxygen
Personal survival pack Yes with liferaft
Aircrew services Personal equipment connector (PEC) provides connections for
- main oxygen
- emergency oxygen
- air ventilated suit
- anti-g suit
- mic/tel
Canopy jettison Yes, aircraft variant dependent
  • MB-326
  • Etendard
  • Mirage
  • Fouga Magister
  • Strikemaster
  • Canberra
  • Hawker Hunter
  • Jaguar
  • Griffon
  • Duranda
  • Gerfault
  • Vautour
  • Breguet Taon
  • Dassault Mk450
  • Mystere
  • Trident
  • Dornier DO29
  • HAL Ageet
  • HAL Marut
  • Percival
  • Hawker
  • Alpha Jet
  • Sea Venom
  • Lightning
  • Supermarine Scimitar
  • Sea Vixen
  • Buccaneer
  • Hunting Percival Jet Provost
  • Folland Gnat
  • Bristol
  • Short SC1
  • Hunting H126
  • Hawker P1127
  • Handley Page
  • Ryan VZ-RY
  • The pilot pulls the face screen seat firing handle
  • Canopy jettison initiated
  • Ejection gun fires, seat moves up guide rails and the secondary cartridges fire
  • Emergency oxygen tripped
  • Aircrew services disconnect
  • Leg restraints operate
  • As seat rises, static line initiates time-delay which fires drogue gun after 0.5 seconds
  • As seat rises, static line initiates time-release unit
  • 22 in. dia then 5 ft dia drogues stabilise and slow seat

Above 10000ft

  • Barostat prevents operation of time-release mechanism

High speed

  • g-restrictor prevents operation of time-release mechanism

Below 10000ft, (low speed)

  • 1.5 second (3 seconds on earlier Mk 4 seats, 1.25 sec on later Mk 4 seats) after initiation of time-release unit
  • The plunger releases scissor shackle to transfer pull of drogue to lifting lines of parachute, releasing it from seat
  • Release face blind
  • Harness and leg lines released from seat
  • Drogues deploy main parachute, pilot separates from seat
  • Normal descent
  • Manual separation system available if necessary. Operation of manual separation handle fires a cartridge that operates a guillotine, severing the parachute attachment line, linkages function releasing parachute harness, negative-g strap, PEC and leg restraint cords.
  • Freeing parachute from seat. Pilot can then use rip cord to operate parachute.
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